Remembering 9/11 – 10 Things to Know About the Attacks on America

 
The Beautiful 'Tribute in Light' Memorial Beams Two Columns of Light into the Sky from Ground Zero, New York. This Picture of the 2004 memorial is by Wikipedia user Tysto, and is in the public domain
 

This year marks the 15th anniversary of 9/11, a day that for many people still holds a very vivid image of death, destruction, and disaster. While the World Trade Center Complex has been rebuilt, the field in Pennsylvania has grown back, and the Pentagon has been reconstructed, the attacks have left a lasting effect on people around the world. Below are ten things to know about the 9/11 attacks.

New York Skyline seen before the collapse of the Twin Towers on September 9, 2001. Wikipedia / Public Domain

New York Skyline seen before the collapse of the Twin Towers on September 11, 2001. Wikipedia / Public Domain

Ground Zero

World Trade Center site following the attacks, Sept. 2001. Wikipedia / Public Domain

World Trade Center site following the attacks, Sept. 2001. Wikipedia / Public Domain

Many people have seen the image of the firefighters raising the American flag on the site of Ground Zero, just hours after the attack. Today we commonly refer to the World Trade Center’s location as Ground Zero, but it is not the first site to carry this name. Ground Zero initially began being used to describe the location of detonations of atomic bombs, namely, Trinity Site in New Mexico, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki.

Three Locations

New York City is what comes to mind when you think of 9/11; this is likely due to all the media coverage it received. But there were two other locations involved in the attacks that day, a field in Pennsylvania (which saw a plane crash into it) and the Pentagon.

United 93 crashed into a field in Shanksville, Pa. Hijackers had originally intended to crash the plane into either the White House or the Capitol, but passengers onboard the plane had learned of the hijackings in New York and tried to overtake the plane which led to it crashing in Pennsylvania.

The Pentagon saw a portion of the building collapse, following the attack.

The Pentagon saw a portion of the building collapse, following the attack.

The Pentagon was hit by a plane at 9:37 a.m. and suffered severe damage, collapsing in some spots. It took the plane under a second to penetrate through all of the Pentagon’s rings, which is about 310 feet in length. The crash sent a fireball into the sky, estimated to have been 200 feet tall. The portion of the building that was struck was recently renovated at a $250 million price tag.

Plane Engine

The Twin Towers each saw a jetliner crash into them, and through all the initial strike, the fires, and the collapse… an engine from one of these planes managed to survive. It is believed to be from United 175 and was found blocks from Ground Zero.

Art

One thing many people don’t think about when considering losses in 9/11 is art. About $100 million in art was destroyed during the attacks. Famous artists whose works were lost in the attacks include Picasso and Roy Lichtenstein.

Cantor Fitzgerald

Twin Towers seen in March of 2001. Jeffmock / Own Work / Wikipedia /

Twin Towers seen in March of 2001. Jeffmock / Own Work / Wikipedia / CC BY-SA 3.0

Cantor Fitzgerald is a financial firm which lost over two-thirds of its workforce in 9/11. The business had its corporate headquarters on floors 101-105 of the trade center with the antenna pictured above. It suffered the largest loss of employees that day, far exceeding any other business, government office or enterprise. None of Cantor Fitzgerald’s employees that were in the tower that day survived the attack. In total, 658 employees of the firm died. The company only employed 960 total at the time.

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